The following table contains values for the electrical conductivity for frequencies up to 1 MHz for all tissues, including statistical information on the standard deviation and the spread in the values. The low frequency parameters are based on a combination of the Gabriel dispersion relations1 and a review of the available literature.
Note that if two values are drawn from the same publication, there will be a difference between the number of studies indicated in the table below and the number of references provided in the downloadable reference table.
Mixed: Includes all studies (Across, Along), independent of the measured direction.
Skin: It has been reported that the conductivity of the skin significantly impacts the dosimetric assessment at low frequencies. The values for skin conductivity presented here should be used with caution.